The Parable of the Good Samaritan
One Jew, a lawyer, desiring to justify himself since the Jews considered
"their neighbours" to be only Jews and all others to be held in contempt asked Jesus Christ, "And who is my neighbour?"
In order to teach people to consider every other person as their neighbour, no matter who he might be of
whatever nationality, or descent, or belief; and also that we must be compassionate and merciful to all people, doing what
we can to help those in need and misfortune, Jesus Christ answered him with a parable.
"A man (a Jew) was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers who stripped him and
beat him, and departed leaving him half-dead. Now by chance, a priest was going down that road; and when he saw him, he passed
by on the other side, So likewise a Levite (a Jewish church official), when he came to the place and saw him, he passed by
on the other side."
"But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was (The Jews despised the Samaritans so much that they
would not have sat at the same table with them and even tried to avoid speaking to them). When the Samaritan saw him covered
with wounds, he had compassion on him. He went to him and bound up his wounds pouring on them oil and wine. Then, he set him
on his own beast and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And the next day he took out two denarii (denarius
was a Roman silver coin) and gave them to the innkeeper saying, 'Take care of him; whatever more you spend, I repay you when
I come back."
Then, Jesus Christ asked the lawyer, "Which of these three do you think was a neighbour to the man fell
among the robbers?"
The lawyer replied, "the one who showed mercy on him (that is, the Samaritan)."
And Jesus Christ said to him, "Go and do likewise."
Note: See the Gospel of Luke 10:29-37
The parable of the Good Samaritan is well known to many of us from childhood. It is customary to think that we know it well. But do we? On
the face of it, we sort of know it. But really, it is only possible to spiritually know some parable, some teaching of Christ
when His words become a rule of life for us.
Christ uttered the parable of the Good Samaritan as
an answer to a lawyer's question about what he should do in order to receive eternal life. All Jews knew the answer to this
question, which was already given by God in the Old Testament - in the books of Deuteronomy (6:5) and Leviticus (19:18). The
answer lies in love toward God and neighbor. Christ makes the lawyer answer his own question aloud. The Saviour confirms the
correctness of the answer and adds: This do, and thou shalt live (Luke 10:28).
The lawyer is not satisfied
with the answer. He asks: "Who is my neighbor?" At that time, the question arose as to whom one should consider to be a neighbor.
The lawyers considered only Jews to be their neighbors; the Pharisees considered as their neighbors only such men who were
as righteous as they considered themselves to be, and all others they considered to be sinners (as we saw in the parable of
the Publican and the Pharisee), and that is why they did not acknowledge them as neighbors. The Lord Jesus Christ introduced
an essential complement to this moral law of the Old Testament. Jesus Christ explains to the scribe just whom one should consider
to be one's neighbor by the parable of the Good Samaritan, which the Evangelist Luke has preserved for us:
A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment,
and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he
saw him, he passed by on the other side. And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed
by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion
on him, and went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to
an inn, and took care of him. And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said
unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee. Which now of these three,
thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves? And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus
unto him, Go, and do thou likewise (Luke 10:30-37).
The Samaritans and Jews were at enmity with one another
on the basis of religion. A Samaritan was for a Jew a man unclean and despicable. But the Samaritan knows better that in the
performance of works of mercy there is no distinction between men.
According to the Gospel,
every man is a "neighbor", irrespective of his race, tribe or convictions. A "neighbor" for a Russian is not only a Russian,
or for an American, an American, and so forth; that is, not only a like-minded person, not only a colleague and not only a
fellow countryman. A neighbor for us may prove to be also our public, political enemy, our ideological opponent, a man who
does not agree with us on religious and other questions, a man who is psychologically and physically alien to us and even
Every man is a "neighbor" - whether he is one of our own or a stranger. Love for one's
"own" must not fill up our whole heart to such an extent that no place remains in it for showing consideration to "strangers".
The parable of the Good Samaritan, as also the whole Gospel, erases the boundaries between our notions of who is "near" and
who is "far". For God, no one is far. For God, all men are near, all are his precious creations
there are who can love everyone equally; but we can engender in our hearts a new consciousness of the absolute value of each
human individual. Perhaps it is beyond our strength to love an enemy; but we can look on an enemy through the prism of Divine
love. It is entirely within our power to convince ourselves that Christ died on the Cross for him also. Consequently, he,
our enemy, is worthy of this! There is something in him worthy of Christ's death. He is not a blank, but God's creature, bearing
His image and likeness. God became man so that man might become a god, that is, god-like. God-manhood is the basis of religious
life and the basis of the life of the whole world - in as much as man is a microcosm. God Himself is humane; that is why man
too must be humane. In men's humaneness, their divine likeness is manifested.
The parable of the Good
Samaritan teaches us that any human individual, any man - be he sick, poor, a thief, an enemy - is higher in value than an
abstract idea of good, an abstract idea of the common, public welfare, an abstract idea of churchliness, generally accepted
traditions, regulations and canons.
The parable of the Good Samaritan teaches us a hierarchy of
values: man comes first, and the Sabbath second. Public, social and ecclesiastical institutions exist for man, and not the
other way round. We, like the Samaritan, must first of all see the man, his status in society notwithstanding, his splendid
clothes or pauper's rags notwithstanding.
The Lord gave us the parable of the Good Samaritan
in answer to the lawyer's question about what he should do in order to receive eternal life. When Christ answered with the
commandment on love, the lawyer again turns to Him with a question: "And who is my neighbor?" This was the question of the
minimalist, who wanted to know the minimum that needs to be fulfilled in order to enter into Life. By the parable of the Good
Samaritan, Christ shows both the lawyer and us that the question is not correctly put forth. The parable of the Good Samaritan
goes further than a teaching on whom to consider our neighbor. It shows us how to become a neighbor ourselves for each man
in need of mercy.
The Patristic interpretation of the parable is highly instructive. According to the
thought of the Fathers, the man going down from Jerusalem to Jericho is Adam, who in this case represents all mankind. Our
primogenitors, who did not stand firm in good and fell into sin, were banished from Paradise, from the "Heavenly Jerusalem",
and had to live in the world, where they were forced to contend with various difficulties. The thieves are a symbol of the
demonic powers who envied the purity of the first people and pushed them onto the path of sin, depriving our primogenitors
of faithfulness to God's will and of life in Paradise.
The wounds are the consequences of sin, which make
us spiritually weak. The priest and the Levite represent the law of the Old Testament, given by Moses, and the priesthood of Aaron, which by themselves could not save man.
The Good Samaritan is
Jesus Christ, Who gave us the New Testament and the grace of God (the oil and wine in the parable) for the healing of our
infirmities. The inn is the Church of God, where we find everything necessary for our recovery. The innkeeper is an image
of the Church's pastors and teachers, whom God charged to care for the flock.
The departure of the
Samaritan in the morning symbolizes the appearance of Christ after his Resurrection and also His glorious Ascension. The two
denarii, given to the innkeeper, are the Divine Revelation, given in Sacred Scripture and Tradition. Finally, the Samaritan's
promise to return to the inn for a final reckoning is a prophesy of the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, when to each
man will be given according to his works.
Here then is a small portion of the rich content
of the parable of the Good Samaritan, which teaches us who our neighbor is and how to become neighbors ourselves for others.
Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God (I John 4:7).
Are we neighbours ? or do we pass "on the other side"?
There are many people suffering in various parts of the world in the physical and the spiritual sense.
Maybe they are far away ("on the side"), so we don't see them, but they are suffering. So, what do we say to them?... Is
your parish like the "priest going down the road?" Do we see and act? or Do we see and pass on the other side?
And as individuals, each day we come across Christ, how will we act to Christ?
"God does not wish Christians to be concerned only for themselves but also to edify others, not simply
through their teachings but through their lifestyle and the way they live it."
"You who are strong, help the weak. You who are rich, help the poor. You who stand upright, help the fallen
and the crushed. You who are joyful, comfort those in sadness. You who enjoy all good fortune, help those who have met with
disaster. Give something in thanksgiving to God that you are of those who can give help, and not of those who stand and wait
St. Gregory of Nazianzus
... Send your treasures to the heavenly storage room. Deposit your wealth in God's Bank, distributing it
to the poor, the orphans and the widows, so that you can receive a million times more in the second coming of Christ...
Elder Joseph the Hesychast
“The bread which you do not use is the bread of the hungry; the garment hanging in your wardrobe is
the garment of him who is naked; the shoes that you do not wear are the shoes of the one who is barefoot; the money that you
keep locked away is the money of the poor; the acts of charity that you do not perform are so many injustices that you commit.”
St. Basil the Great
All right, you cannot give away all your belongings. Then give half, or a third, or a fifth. Is even this
too heavy? Then give one tenth. Can you do that? Is it still too heavy?
“How about this. Don’t
sell yourself as a slave. Don’t give a penny to the poor. Only do this. Don’t take your poor brother’s coat,
don’t take his bread, don’t persecute him, don’t eat him alive. If you don’t want to do him any good,
at least do him no harm. Just leave him alone. Is this also too heavy?”
“You say you want to be saved. But how? How can we be saved if everything
we are called to do is too heavy? We descend and descend until there is no place further down. God is merciful, yes, but he
also has an iron rod.”
St. Cosmas of Aetolia